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Barnby Hall, Cawthorne, Yorkshire

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Barnby Hall

The conspicuous and pleasantly situate house on the Barnsley Road which is now Barnby Hall was built some time around 1822, on or very near to the site of a former residence of considerable importance, the seat of a "family which derived from it their hereditary name, and ranked with the principal gentry of these parts".

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In the Pedigree of Barnby of Barnby given by Hunter, the family is traced up to a William de Denby, who married Sarra, daughter of Sir Alexander Venavre, Veneur, Le Hunt, or Le Hunter. From his mother, their son Robert is given as receiving eight bovates in Barnby. This Robert's son is called Robert de Barnby, who married Margaret daughter of John de Dronsfield: their son Edmund married Alice daughter and heiress of John de Midhope which says Hunter, "was a great advance to this family. They were further "enriched by the marriage with the niece and co heir of Sir Anthony "Nutthil, one of the attainted Lancastrians.

The Nutthil lands "lay in Holderness. The attainder appears to have been reversed "The lands of Nutthil, Preston and Stockholme, part of his inheritance, were at least in the hands of Robert Barnby, father of "John, in 7 Henry VII., when he was a party to indentures with "Sir Robert Hildiard, of Winestead, by which it appears that "Sir Robert had those manors to farm of the lease of John son of "Robert, paying to certain feoffees the annual sum of £10,"

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The following is a deed of the above William de Denby who is not to be confounded, Hunter remarks, with another William de Denby, lord of Denby in Penistone, who was his contemporary "Sciant. Will : de Denebi coafirmavi Adae fratri meo
"homagio suo et servitio suo totam terram illam in uno assarto quod "vocatur Billecliffe in territorio de Calthorn, quam Sarra mater mea
"eidem Adaeet heredibus suis dedit et concessit. Test. Dno Rob. De "Holand milite, Willo Dno de Denabi, Will. De Pengesten" and others.
The Barnby familty were at one time or other connected by marriege with all the neighbouring great families of Le Hunter, Bosvile, Rockley, Hilyard, Waterton, Burdet and Green.
In the will of a Nicholas Wortley Esq., of South Kirkby, Dec. 25, 1492, a Ralph Barnby_ " Radulphus Barneby, armgero" is given as witness. Testamenta Ebor. Vol. IV p.76. (Surtees Society, Vol. 53.)
In an inquisition after the death of Ralph Barnby in I Elizabeth, part of his estates are given as "a capital mess. And three tenements"in Barnby, held of Thomas Waterton as of his manor of Cawthorne;"two messuages and lands in Cawthorne, and the manors of Midhope, Langside, Bilcliffe [Bullcliffe], Swinden, Holden and Penisal [Penistone]
The family began to fall into comparitive decay about the reign of James I.; and after selling off parts of the estates, Sir Charles Barnby's son and heir Thomas, who married Mary, daughter of William Green of Micklethwaite, no sooner came of age than he sold the manor of Midhope in 19 James I. (1625.)
In the Civil War, the estates of Thomas Barnby were sequestered, he himself was adjudged a delinquent, and was called upon by the Parliament to pay a fine of £188 as a composition. The charge was brought against him of having signed a petition for erecting a garrison at Wortley, to be maintained and kept against the Parliament and that he voluntarily contributed towards the maintenance "of the forces raised" His estate in which are included some iroinworks (whence Barnby Furnace), is returned at the annual value of £111. He is given however in the "Parish Survey" of 1648 as possessing 349 acres, with a rental value of £200 a year. In answer to the charges he replies that "being under the new power of the enemy, he was compelled to set his hand to the Petition which he could not possibly avoid without the ruin of himself and family, and asks for an annuity which was charged upon the estate to be continued to his grandmother, who was then living, and concludes by giving a list of his debts: Mrs. Sara Wortley, £64; Mrs. Mary Barnby,
£108,; Mr. Wm. Milner, £50; and Margaret Monckton, £52 (Royalist Composition Papers, 2nd series; Vol XVI: pp.589-601.)
In Torre's Testementary Burials (about 1687) is the following entry: "6 May, A.D. 1623. Thomas Barneby of Barneby-hall Esq., made his will proved 29th May 1627, giving his soul to God Almighty, his Creator, hoping through Jesus Christ to be saved; and his body to be buried in the churchyard of Cawthorne, and on a stone to be from Heath Quarry with his name and arms engraven and layed above him."
The Barnby family was one of the few in this neighbourhood which retasined the Roman faith, and had to suffer civil penalties as "Recusants" refusing to obey the Act of Parliament which required them to be in communion with The Church of England, as a safeguard (so it was thought) against Papal intrigue against the State.
In the "List of Roman Catholics in the County of York in 1604: E. Peacock, F.S.A.," there is given the entry made on the somewhat mutilated second page of the Rawlinson MSS. B 452:
"Caiethorne parishe.
Beatrix Baneby wife of Tho. Barnby, Esq. Robert Barnebye sonne of ye said Thomas Barneby, Isabell Barneby. Dorathie Barnby daughters of ye said Thomas. Alice Walton sevant to ye said Thomas Barneby. Margaret Champney wedow. Charles Champney. Nicholas Champney, sonnes of ye said Margaret. Elizabeth Champney wife of ye said Nicholas and all their children. Arthur Burdett gent. Mary his weif. Ffrancis Tyngle et Michaell servants to ye said Arthure. Alice Walker weif to Charles Walker. Recusants, but no tyme is sett downe.
Semynary Priestes. Ffrances Barneby son of Tho. Barneby Esqe. And Percival Champney, otherwise popishly called Anthony, being both seminary priestes, have resorted divers tymes within this xij moneths last 'past to the houses of Thomas Barneby, Esq. And Margaret Champney as the presentor have heard"
Hunter gives the following as being presented as Recusants at Cawthorne in 1624 : Lady Barnby; Ann Barnby, wife of Mr. Barnby; Isabel Barnby, a daughter of Thomas Barnby, Esq.; also James Beaumont and Ann his daughter, and Margaret Rodes.
This Thomas Barnby was son of Ralph Barnby and Beatrix, daughter of Sir Thomas Waterton of Walton, his wife Beatrix being the daughter of Thomas Burdett of Birthwaite. Their daughter Frances married a Walter Spencer, of London, gent. ; their eldest son was the Sir Charles Barnby, Knt., whose son Thomas is mentioned above as having sold the Manor of Midhope.
In the Visitation of Yorkshire in 1585 is given the pedigree of the Barnby family: "Thomas son of Ralph and Beatrix Waterton now living," Sir Charles being "aet. 16, 1585." In 1612, Sir Charles is given as "married to Hester Disney and has Thomas, aet. 11 (1612) and Mary aet. 16 (1612)."
"Thomas Barnby de Barnby, ar.," is given in the Visitation among the "Liberi tenentes" of Staincross, along with Georgius Woodruffe de Woolley, ar., justic., Gervasius Nevill de Chevet, ar., justic., Radulphus Wortley de Wortley, ar., Franciscus Bosvile de Gunthwaite, ar., Wilhelmus Rockley de Worshorough, ar., Mathieus Wentworth do West Bretton, ar., Henricus Burdett de Denby, ar., Franciscus Burdett de Burthwaite, ar., Johannes Moxon de HoylandSwaine, and others. [ar = armiger]
Sir Charles's son Thomas Barnby had only two daughters co-heiresses, by his wife Mary Greene, of Micklethwaite (Banks), Beatrix, who married John Allot, of Bentley Grange, and Mary, who became the second wife of Nicholas Bowden, of Bowden in Derby-shire, whose first wife was a Woderove (Woodruffe), of Woolley.
"Nicholas Bowden, of Bowden, gent., marryed Mary ye daughter and one of ye co-heirs of Thomas Barnby, of Barnby, in the County "of York, Esq., sext. day of Sept., 1652.
"Barnby Bowden was born ye 5th day of August, 1653, about 6 of ye clock in ye morning, and was baptized ye 16th day of ye same. Thomas Barnby and _____ Foljamb, Esq., godfathers, and "Katherine Wentworth, wife of Michael Wentworth of Woolly, Esq., godmother.
"Thomas Bowden was born ye 4th day of October, 1654, about "3 o'clock in ye morning, and was baptized ye 18th of ye same, "Hen. Bagshawe, of Ridge, and Tristram Stafford, godfathers, and "Mrs. Woderofe, godmother."
("Register, Chapel en le Firth." The Reliquary, Vol VI., p.228.)
It was from this Woderofe (Woodruff) family that the Wentworths of Wolley bought that estate about 1600.
This last-named Thomas Bowden is given in the "Freeholde Book ' for about 1660 as in possession of considerable estate at Cawthorne, the rental given to it being exactly what the Barnby estate is valued at in the above mentioned "Parish Survey" of 1648:
Thomas Bowden, Esq., Bamby 200 Ii. per ann.
John Spencer, gent. Cannon Hall 100
John Green, puer, Banks 300
John Green, puer 100
Robert Smith 20
Thomas Wainewright 20
John Shirt 20
Matthew Swallow 10
Josias Micklethwaite 10
Wm. Lrttlewood 10
Thomas Dickson 10
A Mr. Thomas Bowden died at Barnby Hall in 1681, aged 44, and was buried at Cawthorne April 15th. We shall see the recently discovered monuments of his mother who died in 1665, and of her father, Thomas Barnby, who died at Barnby Hall in 1663, in the description of the Church.
The other sister and co-heiress, Beatrix, who married John Allott of Bentley Grange, had a son John, who married Elizabeth, daughter of William Bosvile, of Gunthwaite. They had one daughter and heir, Mary, who married Godfrey Copley, of Skelbrook, Esq., and had no issue. "Mr. Godfrey Copley and Mrs. Mary Allott married "October the 3rd, 1689." ___Par. Reg. In Hunter he is given as selling the moety of Barnby Hall to Mr. John Spencer in 1701. He died, however, in 1700, and Mr. Spencer was a trustee under his will, the estate being heavily involved A Mr. Dickens is spoken of at this time as having "a great deal of money on the Barnby estate."
A letter of Tho. Simpson to Sir John Kaye of Woodsome, dated Wakefield, 23 Sept., 1701 says "Barnby is sold to Mr. Spencer." Mr. William Spencer, his son, the other moiety of the Barnby estate from Sir John and Lady Ramsden in 1755 for £6,400, and the property continues part of the Cannon Hall estate.

There are many records of this Barnby family in the Dodsworth MSS.
The Arms of the family (they are said in the Visitation of 1612 to be "in the Churche of Barnesley," and are also noticed there by Dodsworth about 1620):
Or, a lion rampant sable, charged with four escallops, argent.
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